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Human Genome Initiative Collective name for several projects begun in 1986 by DOE (US Department of Energy) to (1) create an ordered set of DNA segments from known chromosomal locations, (2) develop new computational methods for analyzing genetic map and DNA sequence data, and (3) develop new techniques and instruments for detecting and analyzing DNA. This DOE initiative is now known as the Human Genome Program. The US national effort, led by DOE and NIH (National Institutes of Health), is known as the Human Genome Project.
Related Terms:
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) The molecule that encodes genetic information. DNA is a double-stranded molecule held together by weak bonds between base pairs of nucleotides. The four nucleotides in DNA contain the bases: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). In nature, base pairs form only between A and T and between G and C; thus the base sequence of each single strand can be deduced from that of its partner.
Localize Determination of the original position (locus) of a gene or other marker on a chromosome.
Gene mapping Determination of the relative positions of genes on a DNA molecule (chromosome or plasmid) and of the distance, in linkage units or physical units, between them.
DNA sequence The relative order of base pairs, whether in a fragment of DNA, a gene, a chromosome, or an entire genome. See base sequence.

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Programming: Herbert Maier
Database: Birgid Schlindwein. Please contact me if you encounter any mistakes or if you are missing anything
© Dr. Birgid B. Schlindwein
last update of the database 10/01/2006